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Holy Land USA sign.

Holy Land U.S.A. - Defunct Religious Theme Park

Waterbury, Connecticut

We return -- again and again. We're not sure why.

For decades, Holy Land USA has been a post-nuclear Road Warrior vision of the Holy land, perched on a bluff overlooking Waterbury. It's a fascinating and horrifying wonder of neglect -- a miniature Bethlehem, impenetrable assemblages of junk, creepy tunnels and blasted out buildings, stories of gang murders and a mysterious order of nuns.

Amidst this sprawling squalor are two unlikely items. A tall high tech cross of steel, visible for miles, would light up at night. The joke is that locals grow up believing Christ was electrocuted on the cross. More striking is the large "Hollywood"-style sign that nightly illuminates the words: Holy Land USA.

Entrance view of Mini Jerusalem

Holy Land USA burst onto the rocky slopes of Pine Hill in the early 1950s, when lawyer and evangelist John Greco responded to a personal message from God (or perhaps a broadcast message also received by the builder of Alabama's Ave Maria Grotto, Iowa's Grotto of the Redemption, and other 20th century divine labors). He directed volunteers who built hundreds of structures, grottos and educational dioramas, using discarded plywood, tin siding, chicken wire, cement and fragments of religious statuary.

Holy Land USA was a legitimate vacation destination for families in the 1960s and '70s, drawing as many as 44,000 visitors a year. It was a must-see stop for church groups and pilgrimage busses. Today, evidence can be found of a large parking lot, remnants of a gift shop, and assorted outbuildings.

The 17-acre attraction had begun its long slide into the Pit, closing a few years before Greco's death in 1986, at the age of 91. He willed the land and his testament of personal faith to the Religious Teachers Fillipini of Bristol.

StatueOver the years, an order of nuns attempted a degree of maintenance -- for instance, the white rocks that line the entrance wall always seem freshly painted. But the park at large has been battered by the elements, rampaging teenagers and scavengers. The nuns have declined nearly all offers of outside help by preservationists and others. A group of Boy Scouts working towards their Eagle badges in 1997 were allowed to renovate the Hollywood-style sign [1996 "before" view] as a community service project. In 2008 the 56-ft. tall metal and fiberglass panel cross was dismantled for replacement by a newer steel one that will continue to be lit at night.

The fate of Holy Land USA remains uncertain. It is regarded as a city landmark, visible to passing motorists on I-84. Brass Mill Center, a new 150-store mall on one side of the hill, radiates prosperity -- but perhaps threatens secular-humanizing bulldozers for mini-Bethelehem. Rough-looking full-sized neighborhoods around the rest of Pine Hill don't bode well for any relief from juvenile vandalism.

Mini Jerusalem Fashion District. Some buildings in the miniature city appear to have been yanked up out of the ground or pushed down on top of other structures. The giant fiberglass Bible has disappeared, the " Garden of Eden" is picked clean, the Catacombs entrance is blocked by a church pew (you'd be nuts to go down there anyway), and nearly every statue has been decapitated. The "actual photo" of Christ exhibit is now just a warped and waterstained piece of plywood (although it does look a bit like Him). With each visit, less and less of the park remained.

It had not been officially open to the public since 1984, though was easy to park on the entry drive and walk around the gate. Visitors explore with caution (and with an up-to-date tetanus shot). The nuns controlled Holy Land and discouraged people from visiting. Still, Holy Land drew us back time and again, enraptured, waiting for the resurrection. Note: the land was purchased in 2014 by the city, with ambitious restoration plans. A few structures have been restored, and the public can access the unattended ruins (at their own risk)

Walking Tour of Holy Land USA.A Walk in the Park

Take a post-apocalyptic stroll through Holy Land as it appeared in the late 1980s.

Holy Land USA video link.

Havin' fun with the No. 1 Son

Fake amusement park 60-second TV spot, combining shots from Holy Land USA and Coney Island. More on the Chucklehead video

Temple nearly destroyed.

Evangelical Bible experts fret about wise guys rebuilding the Temple in real Jerusalem and fulfilling end-of-world scripture. In mini-Bethlehem, no one worries about such things.


Greco used anything he could get his hands on to build Holy Land. Parts of household appliances are scattered among the sculptures and buildings.


Peter and the Shroud. We don't remember this story, exactly... and the display is too far gone to help.

Holy Land USA

Slocum Road, Waterbury, CT
Overlooks I-84 and the Brass Mill Center. Heading east, I-84 exit for S. Main St. -- stay straight on McMahon St., turn right on Baldwin St. then left on Pleasant St, which turns left on Emerald, then go right on Ayers St. to end. Private property, often gated; please be respectful.
RA Rates:
Worth a Detour
Save to My Sights
Roadside Videos
Holy Land USA Video

Holy Land USA.

1987 NYC comedy group video at Waterbury's defunct Holy Land USA theme park (and Coney Island). Roadside America & Chucklehead: a match made in Hell -- upside down!Go to video

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